10 BREAKTHROUGH TECHNOLOGIES 2018, collected by MIT
At the threshold of the preparations for diverse and rich program of the II IoT & AI World Summit EURASIA 2019, we are pleased to share with you unique overview of the technologies that according to the experts from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) will determine our work and life today and in the coming years.
Dueling neural networks. Artificial embryos. AI in the
cloud. MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) designed the annual list of
the 10 technology advances they think will shape the way we work and live now
and for years to come.
Every year since 2001 MIT has been conducting
a research called the 10 Breakthrough Technologies. Editors of MIT Technology
Review noted few breakthroughs in 2018: a new technique in artificial
intelligence called GANs which is giving machines the imagination; artificial
embryos, despite some thorny ethical constraints, are redefining how life can
be created and are opening a research window into the early moments of a human
life; and a pilot plant in the heart of Texas’s petrochemical industry is
attempting to create completely clean power from natural gas—probably a major
energy source for the foreseeable future.
These and other few breakthroughs from the
list of TOP 10 are worth reading and to watch out for.
3-D Metal Printing
Breakthrough: now printers can make
metal objects quickly and cheaply.
Why It Matters: the ability to make
large and complex metal objects on demand could transform manufacturing.
Key Players: Markforged, Desktop
without using eggs or sperm cells, researchers have
made embryo-like structures from stem cells alone, providing a whole new route
to creating life.
Matters: artificial embryos will make it easier for researchers
to study the mysterious beginnings of a human life, but they’re stoking new
Players: University of Cambridge; University of Michigan;
Breakthrough A Toronto neighborhood
aims to be the first place to successfully integrate cutting-edge urban design
with state-of-the-art digital technology.
Why It Matters Smart cities could
make urban areas more affordable, livable, and environmentally friendly.
Key Players Sidewalk Labs and
Availability Project announced in
October 2017; construction could begin in 2019
“What’s distinctive about what we’re trying to do in Quayside is that the project is not only extraordinarily ambitious but also has a certain amount of humility,” says Rit Aggarwala, the executive in charge of Sidewalk Labs’ urban-systems planning.
AI for Everybody
Breakthrough: cloud-based AI is
making the technology cheaper and easier to use.
Why It Matters: right now the use of
AI is dominated by a relatively few companies, but as a cloud-based service, it
could be widely available to many more, giving the economy a boost.
Key Players Amazon; Google;
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Breakthrough: computer scientists
are perfecting a cryptographic tool for proving something without revealing the
information underlying the proof.
Why It Matters: if you need to
disclose personal information to get something done online, it will be easier
to do so without risking your privacy or exposing yourself to identity theft.
Key Players: Zcash; JPMorgan Chase; ING
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Source: MIT Technology Review (2018, March/April). 10 Breakthrough Technologies 2018
To read the full version of the article follow the link: https://www.technologyreview.com/lists/technologies/2018/#ai-for-everybody
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